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Labrum Tear on Your MRI? It May Not Be Related to Your Hip Pain

POSTED ON IN Hip BY Chris Centeno

Orthopedic surgeons have created yet another mass hysteria in patients over this issue of hip labrum tears. I have spoken with hundreds of patients over the last 5–10 years who are absolutely terrified about a small tear on an MRI image observed by a radiologist after they developed hip pain. While surgery is often recommended, what if that tear had nothing to do with why the hip hurts and was merely an innocent bystander?

Hip Pain and Hip Labrum Tears: Why Surgery Isn’t the Answer

The hip is a ball-and-socket joint, and the labrum forms a lip around the socket part of the hip joint and helps stabilize the structure. The labrum, just like the meniscus in the knee, can become torn, typically due to wear and tear, particularly as we age.

As radiology imaging systems have become more and more advanced, these technologies are detecting things, such as labrum tears, that radiologists would have never seen a decade ago. In most cases, this is a very good thing, but it can be frightening when we see words such as “tear” on our radiology report. So when surgeons suggest “repairing” these hip labrum tears, many patients are more than happy to agree. However, just like with meniscus tears, study after study has found the labrum tears seen on MRI aren’t a cause of hip pain. So it seems we should be finding the cause of the pain, not, in most cases, performing labrum surgery.

The First Mass Hysteria: Knee Meniscus Tears

Likely the biggest medical scam of the twentieth century was operating on meniscus tears in patients over 35 years of age. Why? Because we now have many high-level studies showing that people without knee pain in this age group are just as likely to have a meniscus tear as those with knee pain. Meaning, the presence or absence of a meniscus tear in a middle-aged or older person is a flip of a coin that is not related to why the knee hurts. In addition, multiple research studies have shown that operating on knee meniscus tears does no good, regardless of the clinical situation. Despite all of this, I still see patients every day who are convinced that their meniscus tear on their MRI is smoking gun-type evidence of why their knee hurts, when in fact, it’s as important as the wrinkles around their eyes.

Hip Labrum Tears Seen on MRI May Not Be the Cause of Hip Pain

The new study was a meta-analysis, meaning pooling together the data from separate but similar studies (29 in this case). Researchers were specifically investigating the relationship between what is seen on hip MRIs and hip pain. One of those conditions was hip labrum tears, and the results weren’t a surprise to me but will be for many patients. For those with hip pain, there was limited radiological evidence that 62% had labral tears. While this seems high, for those without hip pain, there was stronger radiological evidence that 54% had labral tears. The difference between these groups wasn’t significant.

What does this mean? It means labral tears can exist whether there is hip pain or not. It means in patients who do have hip pain, we can’t assume that labral tears seen on MRI are the cause of the pain. Yet, unfortunately, many times that is exactly what happens.

If My Labrum Tear Isn’t Causing My Hip Pain, What Is?

Believe it or not, many conditions that have nothing to do with the hip can cause hip pain. These include problems with the sacroiliac (SI) joint, or hip girdle muscles, ligaments, or tendons or even pinched nerves in the low back as the nerves that branch from the lumbosacral spine supply the hips and lower limbs. Let’s explore a few potential causes of hip pain a bit more.

Sacroiliac Joint Instability

The SI joints (three total) live at the back of the hip, where the hip meets the sacrum (tailbone). Their job is to help distribute forces from the leg to the spine, and the joint relies on the strong ligaments around it for support. SI joint instability occurs when the ligaments are damaged. In addition to hip pain, with SI joint instability your leg might feel wobbly or a bit disconnected.

Low Back Conditions

The hip and the entire lower extremities are supplied by nerves that branch off of the spinal column in the lower back. Any number of issues in the lower spine that affect those nerve branches can cause pain and functional problems at any location stretching from the hips all the way down to the toes. These could include herniated or bulging discs, arthritis, degenerated discs, spinal stenosis, and so on.

The upshot? So while an MRI may show that you have a hip labrum tear and you may have hip pain, it’s more likely the labral tear is just an incidental finding of wear and tear normal with aging, not a sole indicator for surgery. And if your hip pain is actually due to SI joint instability, a stretched ligament, a nerve issue in the lower back, or something else, surgery to repair a torn labrum is counterproductive and certainly isn’t going to fix your hip pain.

    *DISCLAIMER: Like all medical procedures, Regenexx® Procedures have a success and failure rate. Patient reviews and testimonials on this site should not be interpreted as a statement on the effectiveness of our treatments for anyone else.
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    comments

    Gloria Guillen says

    I have this problem with my oseo-arthritis and oseopborsis hips and lumbar spine disease and my pinky finger on the right is getting worst. Both sides of my hands.

    replies

    Regenexx Team says

    Gloria,
    Hip issues and back issues are often related. Please see: https://www.regenexx.com/hip-replacement-back-pain/ and https://www.regenexx.com/the-regenexx-procedures/back-surgery-alternative/ I've asked our patient liaison team to give you call.

    replies

    jack says

    I have had my hip labrum repaired. It being torn definitely what was causing my hip pain. While it's true that a torn labrum doesn't always cause pain, if someone is having pain it's definitely something that should be considered. Going to a good doctor for an evaluation is important.

    replies

    Regenexx Team says

    jack,

    There are many different things that can cause hip pain and hip labrum tears often lead to surgery without determining it as the cause of the pain. Glad it helped in your case!

    replies

    MARINA H says

    Hi. MRI showed I have labral tear in both hips, my right hip has been continually hurting for months. Cortison shot into front hip joint didnt help a bit. I got Ledokoin shot into sacroiliac joint and it made a big relief (I felt 70-75% better )but it didnt completely eliminate the pain, and after about 12 hours the pain is back.
    Does it make sense to get cortison injection into sacroiliac joint as a next step?
    Thanks

    replies

    Regenexx Team says

    MARINA,
    We don't recommend Cortisone injections, as they are lethal to the local stem cells, breakdown cartilage, and can damage tendons. We'd need to examine you to advise. Did you mean a Lidocaine injection?

    replies

    Ajja DeShayne says

    Would an MRI of the back reveal these things you talked about in the back? I had a SI injury that never healed and I think gave me my hip pain. Got a hip MRA no labral year. Not sure what’s next. Your article is super intriguing to me!

    replies

    Regenexx Team says

    Ajja,
    Glad you found it helpful! Inaccurate diagnosis leads to inappropriate treatment. Both an MRI and an extensive exam is needed to make an accurate diagnosis.

    replies

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    About the Author

    Chris Centeno

    Christopher J. Centeno, M.D. is an international expert and specialist in regenerative medicine and the clinical use of mesenchymal stem cells in orthopedics. He is board certified in physical medicine as well as rehabilitation and in pain management through The American Board of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation.…

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