The Evidence Base for Orthopedic Surgery

Given that orthopedic surgery is the norm for millions of people a year, you would think that we have copious high-level research supporting its efficacy. As we have discussed with countless employers these past few years, that assumption would be wrong. In fact, based on the research, those millions are exposed to surgical risks, oftentimes even after research shows that the procedure doesn't work.

  1. surgery
  2. surgical risk